LUCUAS (early second century C.E.), Jewish "king" and leader of the Jewish rising in Cyrene (115–117 C.E.). The sources are divided as to the name of the Jewish leader; whereas Eusebius (Historia Eclesiastica 4:2) refers to the Jewish king Lucuas, Dip Cassius (68:32) calls him Andreas. It has been suggested, therefore, that the "king" had a double name: Λουκούας ὸ κάὶ   Ανδρέας. Mention of a Jewish "king" perhaps signifies the messianic overtones of the Jewish revolt in Egypt and Cyrene. One of the "Acts of the Alexandrine Martyrs" describes a dispute between a Greek and Jewish embassy before the Roman emperor Hadrian, and from its contents it is apparent that the subject under debate is connected with the Jewish revolt in Alexandria. A certain king of the stage and mime is mentioned as being brought forth by the Alexandrians to be mocked by the Roman prefect. Tcherikover, in analyzing the papyrus, points out that although it is possible that the "king" described is Lucuas, "he certainly would have been a prisoner in the hands of the Romans, and not of the Alexandrians" as is implied in the text. Furthermore, it is difficult to ascertain why Hadrian should be angry with the Alexandrians, if the object of their mockery was "the Jewish king" responsible for the uprising. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Schuerer, Hist, 291f.; Tcherikover, Corpus, 1 (1957), 86, 89, 90 n. 83; 2 (1960), 87–99. (Isaiah Gafni)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LIBYA — LIBYA, country in N. Africa, consisting of the regions of Tripolitania, Cyrenaica (see cyrene ), and Fezzan. Isolated finds of Jewish origin from pre Exilic Ereẓ Israel were discovered both in Cyrenaica and Tripolitania, but there is no reliable… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Luc-Peter Crombé — (January 14, 1920 ndash; May 17, 2005) was a Belgian,Flemish painter. Painter of landscapes, portraits, figures and religious subjects. He studied at the academy of fine arts and the Higher Institute Saint Lucuas in Ghent, as well as at the… …   Wikipedia

  • Bar Kochĕba — (chald., d.i. Sohn des Sterns, im Talmud u. bei den Rabbinern Name des Pseudomessias Simeon, bei Abul Faradsch Luminus, bei Eusebius Lucuas, bei Rappaport Munadschim), erregte 127 n.Chr. einen Aufstand der Juden zuerst zu Kyrene in Afrika gegen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • DIASPORA — Introduction The word Diaspora, from the Greek διασπορά ( dispersion ), is used in the present context for the voluntary dispersion of the Jewish people as distinct from their forced dispersion, which is treated under galut . As such it confines… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • EGYPT — EGYPT, country in N.E. Africa, centering along the banks of the River Nile from the Mediterranean coast southward beyond the first cataract at Aswan. The ancient Egyptians named their land Kemi, the Black Land, while the neighboring Asiatic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DIASPORA – SECOND TEMPLE PERIOD — During the period of the Second Temple, Jewish history was mainly concentrated in Ereẓ Israel. Whatever may or may not have been the relative population figures inside and outside the country, the main currents which were subsequently to shape… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • WAR AND WARFARE — TO THE DESTRUCTION OF THE FIRST TEMPLE The methods of offensive and defensive warfare developed side by side in the Ancient Near East. The development of weapons was dependent upon the supply of raw materials, such as stone, metal, and wood; the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.